Answering Common Questions About Negligence and Injuries Sustained in Florida

Come get your personal injury and accident questions answered on topics including motorcycle accidents, automobile accidents, disability insurance, and workers’ compensation matters. We handle cases throughout Florida concentrating on the greater Central and North Florida area, and we have the in-depth answers you need.

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  • What does “filing suit” mean in a personal injury case?

    lawyer_with_clientMany people are unaware of the legal difference between filing a lawsuit and pursuing an injury claim. Simply put, an injury claim is the process of obtaining compensation from an insurer, while “filing suit” is a legal action that requires a response from the other party. Both are ways to secure payment for your injuries and losses after an accident, and which one is best for you depends on the circumstances of your case.

    Steps to Take Before Filing a Personal Injury Lawsuit

    Under Florida’s no-fault insurance system, all victims are required to seek payment through their individual insurance providers after an accident. The first step to take if you're injured is to notify your insurance company of the accident and request payment for your losses. The insurance company then begins investigating your claim. If the insurer accepts the claim and offers payment, you may accept the offer and your claim will be closed.

    However, if the insurance company denies the claim or offers a low settlement offer, the injured party may respond with:

    • Negotiation. An injury victim and an insurer may negotiate a settlement if the first offer isn't acceptable. This involves writing a letter to the insurance company—known as a demand letter—detailing why the amount offered isn't sufficient to cover the claim. These letters may contain receipts or estimates from medical providers and documents from employers outlining your future ability to earn a living. If the insurance company doesn't change its decision, you may proceed to mediation.
    • Mediation. If you and the insurer agree on some points, you may be able to resolve the claim through mediation. This is a chance for you and the insurer to explain your points to a neutral third party, and the third party gives a recommendation on a settlement. If the mediator’s recommendation isn't sufficient or the insurer is still denying fair payment, you may need to file a personal injury lawsuit.
    • Filing suit. Filing a lawsuit—the process of actually filing legal papers at the courthouse with the Clerk of the Court—is typically only done after all other efforts to resolve the case have failed. At Johnson & Gilbert, P.A., we only file suit after exhausting all pre-suit options and thoroughly discussing them with our clients, and we always get our client's permission before filing suit.

    If you're having trouble getting proper compensation for your injuries, our experienced personal injury attorneys can explain your options at no cost to you. Simply fill out the quick contact form on this page today to schedule your free case evaluation.


  • How much is my injury case worth?

    injury_lawsuitCalculating the full costs of an injury is a complex process, and many victims underestimate how much they've truly lost after an accident. While each case is different, there are a few general rules to help you total your losses and calculate how much your case may be worth.

    Estimating the Damages in Your Florida Injury Case

    The first category of losses in an injury case is called economic losses, or the out-of-pocket costs you have endured directly because of the accident. These include the costs of past medical treatment, future medical expenses, property damage, lost time from work, lost future lost income, and other expenses.

    In addition to economic damages, the value of your case may be increased or decreased depending on:

    • Your pain and suffering. An injury lawsuit allows victims to recover an additional amount for severe or permanent suffering. Called non-economic damages, these may include compensation for emotional suffering, inconvenience, loss of companionship of a family member, lost enjoyment of life, or permanent disability.
    • The degree of negligence. If a person or entity showed extreme disregard for safety, you may be able to recover punitive damages to punish the wrongdoer.
    • Insurance limits. Most injury claims are paid by insurance companies on behalf of the guilty party. In car accident cases, the amount you can recover depends on the available amounts of insurance coverage, including bodily injury and uninsured motorist coverage.
    • Your condition. An insurer may devalue your claim if you've been involved in previous accidents or suffered prior injuries to the same part of the body. In order to get maximum compensation, your attorney has to gather evidence that clearly shows how the accident led to your injury.
    • Your liability for your injuries. Florida’s injury statutes rely on a comparative fault system, which allows victims to recover payment even if they are partly to blame for an injury. However, the amount you recover is reduced according to your percentage of fault.

    If you've been injured through someone else’s negligence, we can help you get the compensation you deserve while you take the necessary time to heal. Simply fill out the quick contact form on this page today to schedule your free case evaluation.


  • How long will it take to resolve my personal injury case?

    calendarVictims often ask how long it will take to get compensation from a lawsuit. The truth is that resolving a personal injury case can take anywhere from a few months to over a year.

    The exact length of time depends on the specifics of your case. However, there are many things you and your attorney can do to help the process along.

    Factors That Affect the Length of an Injury Case

    One of the biggest factors that impact a case is whether a victim accepts a settlement or goes to trial. Generally, cases that settle take less time than those decided in court, but faster isn't always better. Insurance companies often take advantage of a victim’s unwillingness or inability to wait for payment, offering low settlements soon after the accident occurs. Such payments usually aren't adequate to cover the full cost of injury, lost wages, or pain and suffering. Your attorney should carefully consider the amount offered before you accept payment.

    The length of time it will take to resolve your injury case also depends on:

    • The severity of your injuries. As it is important to get compensation that covers the full extent of your injuries and the need for any further medical care, your condition must be medically stable before accepting a settlement. Your past and future losses must be carefully calculated, as well as your ability to earn a living and enjoy life after the accident.
    • The type of accident. During the discovery process, both parties obtain evidence through interviews, depositions, and documentation, which may take several weeks to complete. The circumstances of your accident play a large role in your case, and each one has unique details that need to be addressed. A car accident case will involve different investigative methods and insurance issues than a work injury case, and these both differ from slip and fall cases.
    • Who's at fault. Liability can affect the length of a case, especially if more than one party is responsible for your injury costs. For example, in work injury cases, victims may be able to collect workers’ compensation and file a lawsuit if a third-party was negligent. In addition, Florida law allows a victim’s damages to be reduced if he or she shared some fault for the injury.
    • Settlement negotiations. Negotiations typically begin after discovery, with offers changing from week to week depending on the strength of each party’s position. Cases may be settled at any time, and negotiations often continue throughout the discovery and trial process.

    Whether we secure a settlement or go to trial, our Florida injury attorneys diligently work to get fair compensation for our clients’ suffering. Simply fill out the quick contact form on this page today to schedule your free case evaluation with Johnson & Gilbert, P.A.


  • How can I tell if my motorcycle crash was caused by a defective part?

    motorcycle_repairWhile the majority of motorcycle accidents involve a collision between a biker and a car, many motorcyclists are injured each year as a result of defective bike parts. When improper installation or poor quality products can cause a motorcyclist to veer off of the road, lose traction, or strike another road user, he or she may be able to pursue a claim against the manufacturer.

    Who's Liable When Motorcycle Defects Cause a Crash?

    Defective motorcycle parts may be the cause of accidents with other vehicles as well as no-contact crashes, and often happen without warning. Although motorcyclists aren't at fault for these accidents, they're responsible for proving that a manufacturer was negligent, which can be difficult for someone recovering from a severe injury.

    Motorcycle accidents due to defective parts are complex, and often involve:

    • Manufacturer defects. A legal claim may be brought against the manufacturer of the bike itself or the maker of any aftermarket or replacement parts installed on the bike that were used according to manufacturer instructions. These are called product liability claims, and can include steering mechanisms, brake lines, transmissions, fuel systems, or even the overall design of the bike itself. A manufacturer can also be liable if the company failed to adequately warn riders about the potential for danger.
    • Maintenance errors. In some cases, a repair shop may be to blame for installing the wrong item or failing to adequately complete maintenance. Malfunctioning brakes, throttles, tires, mirrors, or any other part of the machine can all increase the chances of an accident and compromise safety in the event of a crash.
    • Lost evidence. Product liability claims rely on a thorough investigation of accident scene and the damaged motorcycle. Unfortunately, evidence at the scene is often lost during roadway cleanup, and more is lost to the elements with each passing day. In addition, riders who are eager to get back on the road may begin repairs on their bikes immediately, destroying even more vital evidence in the case.

    There are many parties that may be held liable in your product liability claim, including the distributor of a faulty part and the dealership that sold the bike.

    If someone else’s negligence resulted in your suffering, we can help you collect the compensation you deserve. Simply fill out the form on this page today to schedule your free case evaluation with one of our experienced injury attorneys.


  • Why does it take so long for doctors to diagnose fibromyalgia?

    woman_with_fibromyalgaFibromyalgia is a lesser-known chronic pain disorder that has no known cause. The good news is that many patients with the condition report increased quality of life after treatment.

    The bad news is that treatment cannot begin until the patient is diagnosed, and it can take years to diagnose fibromyalgia, because it shares symptoms with many other common conditions.

    Conditions That Are Often Confused With Fibromyalgia

    Fibromyalgia’s primary symptom—pain in the muscles and joints—is a common trait of many conditions.

    Medical providers often only diagnose fibromyalgia when all other medical explanations for pain have been exhausted. For instance, fibromyalgia may only be diagnosed only after a physician has ruled out:

    • Hypothyroidism. Low thyroid function, known as hypothyroidism, shares many symptoms of fibromyalgia, including becoming tired easily, unexplained weight gain, increased cold sensitivity, decreased heart rate, and depression. This condition can be ruled out using a blood test to check thyroid hormone levels.
    • Sleep apnea. Extreme fatigue may be caused by sleep apnea, a disorder that causes a person to stop breathing while they're asleep. A sleep study may be conducted to see how many times a person wakes up during the night and if a person is reaching deep, or REM, sleep.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis. Pain in the joints is common in both fibromyalgia and arthritis sufferers, but there are notable differences. Unlike arthritis, fibromyalgia doesn't cause tissue inflammation and doesn't cause physical damage to the joints.
    • Lupus. Lupus may cause a patient to feel fatigue and body pain, but it's distinct from fibromyalgia because it causes a rash across the face and breathing problems. Physicians may conduct a blood test to check for antinuclear antibodies, which will be positive in lupus patients.
    • Multiple sclerosis. Chronic pain throughout the body is typical of both multiple sclerosis (MS) and fibromyalgia. However, MS suffers may also experience blurred eyesight, difficulty walking, loss of control over body movements, and slurred speech.
    • Psychological conditions. Mental health specialists often misdiagnose fibromyalgia as depression, while some patients experience both conditions simultaneously.
    • Coexisting conditions. Diagnosing fibromyalgia can take even longer if a patient is suffering from other health problems as well as fibromyalgia, since doctors must discover which ailments are responsible for each new symptom.

    If you're unable to work due to complications of fibromyalgia, our attorneys can help you get the Social Security disability benefits you deserve. Call us today or fill out the form on this page to set up your consultation with a knowledgeable Social Security attorney.


  • Am I eligible for Social Security disability for my fibromyalgia?

    fibro_diagnosisIn the past, patients would have a difficult time requesting disability benefits for fibromyalgia. This is because the Social Security Administration (SSA) doesn't have a dedicated listing for fibromyalgia in its Blue Book of disabling conditions.

    Today, the SSA offers more guidance to assist individuals who can no longer work because of fibromyalgia symptoms.

    Qualifying for Social Security Disability with Fibromyalgia

    In 2012, the SSA published a ruling to determine when fibromyalgia can be classified as a medically determinable impairment (MDI). The ruling relies on disability criteria supplied by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) to determine whether an applicant may be entitled to Social Security disability benefits.

    According to the ruling, a fibromyalgia patient may be considered disabled based on:

    • Diagnosis. A fibromyalgia diagnosis must be explicitly stated in the applicant’s medical records in order to be approved for disability related to the condition. Medical records should also show evidence of chronic widespread pain and contain test results that have ruled out other diseases. These include lupus, hypothyroidism, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia, and multiple sclerosis.
    • Symptoms. Patients are required to have medical documentation confirming tender points in at least 11 of 18 specified areas in all quadrants of the body. If they do not, they must have suffered repeated occurrences of six or more fibromyalgia symptoms, such as fatigue, cognitive problems—also referred to as "fibro fog"—sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or migraine headaches.
    • Residual functional capacity. Once the SSA determines eligibility for benefits based on fibromyalgia, the agency performs a residual functional capacity (RFC) assessment for your condition. This indicates if there is any kind of work you can do, your physical and mental restrictions, and other factors that affect your ability to earn a living. Your RFC is based on your medical records, notes from your doctors and specialists, and a statement from you about how your condition affects your daily life.

    If your fibromyalgia makes it difficult or impossible for you to support yourself, our attorneys can help you get the benefits you deserve. Call us today or fill out the form on this page to set up your consultation with a Social Security disability attorney.


  • What if a defective seat belt made my crash injuries worse?

    man_and_seat beltMany people are injured every year because the features of their vehicles failed to perform effectively. If you suffered significant injuries because of a defective auto part, you may be able to hold the carmaker liable.

    The Widespread Problem of Defective Seat Belts

    Seat belts are incredibly effective in minimizing bodily harm in a crash. When these devices fail, injuries are much worse and may prove fatal, even at low speeds. Drivers and passengers can suffer whiplash, internal injuries, chest trauma, or even be ejected from the vehicle if the seat belt doesn't restrain them properly.

    Many vehicle manufacturers have come under fire for defective seat belts that have caused a number of problems, including:

    • Defective latches. Poorly-made seat belts may unbuckle suddenly with light pressure, upon impact, or when the strap is pulled.
    • Inadequate straps. Cheaply-constructed belts are more likely to develop rips and tears in the straps, causing a lack of tension that can result in injuries.
    • Design problems. Some seat belts aren't designed in a way that will adequately protect a user. Belts that create gaps due to buckle placement or don't restrain the torso may suffer from defective design.
    • Inadequate passive restraints. Passive restraints are devices that automatically slide down over the rider’s shoulder when the door is closed. These are meant to work in conjunction with lap belts, but they can still cause significant upper body trauma when they fail in an accident.
    • Tension failure. Seat belts automatically tighten with hard braking or when the vehicle strikes an object. The belt should contract long enough to restrain the user during impact with another vehicle as well as the secondary impact of striking objects within the car. Faulty devices may not place enough tension in the belt, release tension too early, or constrict so tightly they impair breathing or prevent escape from a damaged vehicle.

    If your injuries were made worse by a defective seatbelt, you may be able file a lawsuit against the manufacturer or automaker, even if your insurance already covered some costs of the crash. Simply fill out the quick contact form on this page today to schedule your free case evaluation with one of our car accident attorneys.


  • Can I get compensation if I was forced to lay down my motorcycle?

    Some crashes occur for reasons other than one driver striking another. Many injuries happen due to “near miss” situations, such as a motorcyclist taking evasive action to avoid a crash. In these kinds of no-contact crashes, bikers may have trouble collecting compensation from an at fault driver.

    Injury Liability After “Laying Down” a Bike

    "Laying down" a motorcycle is a desperate maneuver used only as a last resort. It may allow the rider to avoid impact with an object, but it almost always results in injury to him or her. And since the rider wasn't actually struck by another driver, it can affect liability in his injury case.

    In order to get compensation, a rider who lays down a bike has to prove that:

    • An accident was unavoidable. Bikers usually only lay down a bike if there's no other option. A recreation of the scene of the crash can be used to show that the biker was paced in an impossible position, such as either being struck by an oncoming car or steering the bike off of the road.
    • The other party was negligent. Just because a biker is injured doesn't necessarily mean a driver is to blame. The rider must show that he or she was acting responsibly and was forced to lay down the bike because of another party’s actions. A driver who was texting and drifted into the motorcyclist’s path or a municipality that allowed bushes to obstruct the view on a steep curve could be held liable for negligence.
    • The other party was primarily at fault. A motorcyclist can be found partially at fault for an accident and still recover compensation. However, the other party must have a larger portion of blame than the biker, and the biker’s recovery will be reduced in proportion to the amount of fault he or she shares for the crash.

    These kinds of accidents typically involve long and frustrating recoveries, significant medical expenses, and an inability to earn a living. If someone else’s negligence resulted in your suffering, we can help you collect the compensation you deserve. Simply fill out the form on this page today to schedule your free case evaluation with one of our experienced injury attorneys.


  • How often is epilepsy misdiagnosed for other conditions?

    doctor_and_patientUnfortunately, epilepsy is often confused for other conditions, and may not be correctly diagnosed for months or years after the first seizure.

    The problem with misdiagnosis can affect patients in one of two ways:

    • They may be incorrectly diagnosed with epilepsy
    • They may be diagnosed with another condition, preventing them from effectively treating their epilepsy

    Conditions That May Be Misdiagnosed as Epilepsy

    An estimated 1 in 3 patients who are diagnosed with epilepsy are suffering from a different kind of medical condition. A variety of ailments can mimic the symptoms of epilepsy, including:

    • Other seizure disorders. A patient who is suffering from diabetes or a high fever may suffer seizures as a result, but these conditions are not considered epilepsy.
    • Migraines. Patients who suffer chronic, severe headaches have many symptoms in common with epileptics, including dizziness, vomiting, distraction, and seeing an “aura” before an episode.
    • Brain inflammation. Two common forms of swelling that can result in seizures are encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and meningitis (inflammation of the spinal cord).
    • Sleep disorders. People who suffer from sleep apnea, insomnia, narcolepsy, sleepwalking, or chronic muscle spasms while asleep may exhibit lack of attention or loss of consciousness during the day, common in epileptic patients.
    • Movement disorders. Some patients who suffer from motor problems or involuntary muscle contractions are incorrectly diagnosed as suffering from seizures.
    • Eclampsia. Pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia have high blood pressure problems. This condition is often a precursor to a far more serious concern, eclampsia, when the mother suffers seizures. If treated correctly, women experiencing eclampsia won't have any future episodes after the baby is delivered.
    • Brain and psychological trauma. Isolated seizures may occur in patients with head injuries, while behavioral changes are common in those suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


    If you're accurately diagnosed with epilepsy and unable to work due to complications from the disease, our attorneys can help you get the Social Security benefits you deserve. Call us today or fill out the form on this page to set up your consultation with a Social Security attorney.


  • What are the most common symptoms and causes of epilepsy?

    epilepsy_factsEpilepsy is more than just suffering seizures. While many people may experience an isolated seizure episode, epileptics suffer from recurrent seizures that can happen at any time, often without warning.

    This chronic condition causes a sudden flurry of electrical activity in the brain, resulting in behavioral, sensory, or perception changes.

    The problems caused by epilepsy, as well as its unpredictable nature, often make it difficult for patients to earn a sustainable living.

    Common Causes of Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders

    The symptoms of epilepsy often vary from patient to patient. Some patients can experience minor seizures without realizing it, and may simply think that they “zoned out” for a few moments. In major seizures, patients may perform repetitive movements, lose consciousness, or suffer muscle spasms. Afterward, patients often report having no memory of the episode, and may report changes in smells, sight, hearing, and taste for hours afterward.

    There are many different causes of epilepsy and seizure disorders, including:

    • Genetics. People who haven't suffered any external conditions that may result in seizures may have a hereditary form of epilepsy caused by the development or interaction of their genes.
    • Infections. An infection in the spinal cord or in the brain itself may result in epilepsy. A person who suffers a high fever or a condition that leaves scarring on the brain is at risk of experiencing seizures in the future.
    • Head injuries. Severe head injuries may cause epilepsy, such as shaken baby syndrome or trauma from a car accident or fall.
    • Brain damage. Strokes, tumors, hypoxia, drug use, Alzheimer’s disease, and other conditions that damage the structures or blood supply in the brain are likely to result in seizures.

    While there's currently no cure for epilepsy, patients may be successfully treated with anticonvulsant medications. If seizures are the result of a tumor, hemorrhaging in the brain, or some other abnormality, a patient may need surgery to treat the underlying cause of epilepsy.

    In many cases, patients will be severely limited in their employment options due to the effects of their conditions. If you're unable to work due to epilepsy complications, our attorneys can help you get the Social Security benefits you deserve. Call us today, or fill out the form on this page to set up your consultation with a Social Security attorney.